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26 AMAZING SAHARA DESERT FACTS

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The Sahara is the largest hot desert and the third in the world after Antartica and the Artic. Its area of 9,200,000 square kilometres (3,600,000 sq mi) is comparable to the area of china or the united states. The Sahara is the worlds largest low-latitude hot desert. So We concluded some most amazing facts about SAHARA DESERT.

Here are the 26 interesting facts about SAHARA DESERT.

Sahara desert covers around 3,600,000 square miles

The Sahara desert covers around 3,600,000 square miles, and the overall area is as large as continental United States. This desert also has the reputation of being the world's largest hot desert.

Sahara desert now comprises eight percent of the world's land area

The Sahara desert now comprises eight percent of the world's land area - one could actually place the entire continental United States within the Sahara Desert and still have a few thousand square miles of desert left over.

Sahara Desert is the world’s largest hot desert

The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest hot desert. But of all the deserts in the world, it ranks 3(third) in terms of area. It comes after Antarctica and Arctic deserts. The Antarctica and Arctic deserts are cold deserts.

desert has some of the tallest sand dunes

This desert has some of the tallest sand dunes, and these can reach around 190 meters in height.

Goats and camels are the most common domesticated animals in the Sahara.

Goats and camels are the most common domesticated animals in the Sahara.

people who live in the Sahara are mostly nomads. Nomads move from place to place.

The people who live in the Sahara are mostly nomads. Nomads move from place to place.

Sahara means ‘the greatest desert' in Arabia.

Sahara means ‘the greatest desert' in Arabia.

The desert shrinks and grows depending on the climate.

The desert shrinks and grows depending on the climate.

Did you know that Sahara consists of 70% gravel and 30% sand.

Did you know that Sahara consists of 70% gravel and 30% sand.

highest point in the Sahara Desert is Emi Koussi

The highest point in the Sahara Desert is Emi Koussi. This is a shield volcano in northern Chad.

Potential evaporation is extremely high

Potential evaporation is extremely high. It ranges from 2,500 millimeters to 6,000 millimeters per year.

Major cities in the Sahara Desert

Major cities in the Sahara Desert are Nouakchott, Tamanrasset, Ghardaia, El Oued, Ghat etc.

rain in sahara desert

One half of the Sahara Desert receives less than 79 inches of rain each year. The rest of the desert only receives 3.9 inches per year.

Arabic dialects are the most widely spoken ones in sahara desert

There are several languages spoken in the Sahara. However, Arabic dialects are the most widely spoken ones.

landforms in sahara desert undergo constant change

The landforms in this desert undergo constant change. These landforms are shaped as per the direction of the wind and the occasional rainfall.

Sahara Desert is made up dry valleys, salt flats, mountains etc.

The Sahara Desert is made up of sand dunes, sand seas, gravel plains, stone plateaus, dry valleys, salt flats, mountains, rivers, streams, and oasis.

many divisions of the Sahara Desert

Here are many divisions of the Sahara Desert. They are Western Sahara, Libyan Desert, Aïr Mountains, Tibesti Mountains, and Ahaggar Mountains.

facts about sahara desert

The Sahara was not always this big, poorly populated sandbox. As recently as 6,000 BC, grains and millet were grown across much of what is now the Sahara.

sahara desert facts

Intertropical Convergence Zone is the major source of rain for this desert. This zone brings irregular rains to Southern Sahara and Sahel regions.

31% of the total area of Sahara desert receives nearly 10 millimeters of rainfall

31% of the total area of Sahara Desert(1,100,000 square miles or 2,800,000 square kilometers) receives nearly 10 millimeters of rainfall.

around 500 BCE, Greeks traders started trading along the desert’s eastern coast

At around 500 BCE, Greeks traders started trading along the desert’s eastern coast. Many urban civilizations like Garamantes rose around the same time and that too at the very heart of Sahara.

Sahara desert stretches over areas of Northern Africa

The Sahara desert stretches over areas of Northern Africa, from the Red Sea to the areas close to the outskirts of the Atlantic Ocean. It shares its boundaries with the Atlas Mountains, the Mediterranean Sea, Egypt, Sudan, and valley of the Niger River.

night tempreature in sahara desert

During the nights, temperatures usually fall anywhere between 13 to 20 degrees Celsius. Coastal areas are colder than inland areas. During winters, the temperature can go below 0 degrees Celsius at night.

During the day, the temperature of the sand is nearly 80 degrees Celsius

Ground and sand temperatures are even higher. During the day, the temperature of the sand is nearly 80 degrees Celsius and ground temperature is nearly 72 degrees Celsius. The average temperature of the desert is nearly 25 to 30 degrees Celsius.

solar radiation

It is said that the changes in the orbit of the earth cause changes in the insolation (incoming solar radiation), which in turn controls the monsoon patterns all over the world. This theory was first proposed by Rudolf Spitaler in the 1800s.

In 15,000 years from now, there will be green Sahara.

The Sahara that we see today is the dry or “desert Sahara” (because of weak North African Monsoon). In 15,000 years from now, there will be “green Sahara” (because of strong North African Monsoon).

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